One Person Company

Moneyम्जी, I am in a dilemma. What dilemma? I heard a quote “If you want to go far, go together, if you want to go fast, go alone.” Yeah, true. But how can I go alone, when a private limited company wants minimum 2 directors, partnership and LLP want minimum 2 directors, and sole proprietorship does not give me many privileges? I want to fly, I want to be a One-Man Army!

No worries, One Person Company (OPC) is made for you.

One Person Company is a business entity in which there is only one owner with limited liabilities who can act both as a shareholder as well as the director. The concept of OPC is basically to eradicate the limitation of a sole proprietorship, which is the most popular form for small businesses in India. The liability of owner is limited to the invested capital in this form.

If you independently want to commence your business without involving any other person, then One Person Company (OPC) is the ideal choice for you.

When OPC concept was not introduced in India, people used to choose Proprietorship as their form of business. Proprietorship has many disadvantages like

  • One cannot take investments
  • No legal existence
  • Unlimited liabilities

Moreover, many other as well. Further proprietorship as a kind of business is not considered trustworthy in India anymore. One Person Company (OPC) is a solution for all the above problems.

One Person Company has following features and restrictions:

  • It allows a significant degree of separation between operations and ownership.
  • Less compliance is needed as compared to a private limited company.
  • It is useful for small entrepreneur to directly access target market.
  • Banking and financial institutions prefer to lend money to the company instead of proprietary firms.
  • It makes decision-making process much faster because of single ownership.
  • the owner can anytime convert OPC to a private limited company with ease.




The liability of the shareholder is limited and personal assets are safe. The liability of the shareholder will only be limited to the unpaid subscription money in his name. OPC is a separate entity and there will be a true distinction between the promoter and the company.


There is only one owner who can act both as a shareholder as well as the director.


This leads to fast decision making and execution. Yet he/she can appoint as many as 15 directors in the OPC for administrative functions, without giving any share to them.


One Person Company is a Private Limited Structure in the eyes of law, which gives suppliers and customers a sense of confidence in business.


The biggest advantage of a one person company is that its identity is distinct from that of its sole owner. If a promoter were to operate as a Sole Proprietorship, the business would come to an end on his/her death but since an OPC is a separate legal entity,therefore, ownership would pass on to the nominee and an OPC continue to exist.


OPC is one of the easiest forms of corporate entities to manage. Very few ROC filing is to be filed with the Registrar of Companies (ROC). No need to conduct Annual General Meeting (AGM),so lesser compliance cost.

Time Period

Within a week, and if documents are ready, just 3-5 days are enough.

Click here to initiate the process.


Click here to initate process